Laying Foundations for Lasting Student Success
Harvard Business Review Summer, 2014
- Thomas Chamorro-Premuzic, Professor of Business Psychology, University College London: With training, people can acquire Emotional Intelligence skills leading to greater success in the workplace and lower stress levels.
- Christina Bielaszka-DuVernay, Johns Hopkins Medical Center: “Self-awareness, awareness of others and the ability to learn from mistakes are key elements to success in life and they are learnable.”
- Gardiner Moore, Senior Editor, Harvard Business Review: In males, the Prefrontal Cortex of the Brain, which is in charge of executive functioning, is wired to seek novel stimulus until maturity. In males, this normally occurs in the mid-twenties. Emotional Intelligence training can assist in overcoming the allure of risky impulses.
How Children Succeed, Paul Tough, 2012
“There is no antipoverty tool we can provide for disadvantaged young people that will be more valuable than character development” (SEL). “When children are four years old, researchers can predict with 77% accuracy who will drop out of high school.” Stress in childhood related to traumatic experiences is the single most reliable predictor of low executive functioning.
Bruce McEwen, neuroendocrinologist, Rockefeller University: “The process of managing stress, allostasis, causes executive and bodily functions to break down under constant strain.”
Whitney Clarke, psychologist, Harvard Medical Center: Devised the Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) study which found that higher ACE scores directly correlated to a number of maladies in adulthood including alcoholism, drug abuse, obesity, hypertension, heart disease, depression, emphysema, and liver disease. People with high ACE scores were 36 times more likely to attempt suicide than people with an ACE score of zero.
James Heckman, Nobel Prize winning economist, University of Chicago, isolated the most likely indicators to determine completion of a college degree as ability to delay gratification, persist at unrewarding tasks, and ability to follow through on a plan. He also advocates non-cognitive factors such as curiosity, self-control, and social fluidity (SEL) which can be learned, are foundational to success in life.
Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ, 1995. “Children who are withdrawn, anxious or depressed, have attention or thinking problems, who are delinquent and/or aggressive are experiencing emotional malaise and are being deprived of adult competence.”
Goleman, Boyzatis & McKee, Primal Leadership: Learning to Lead with Emotional Intelligence, 2004: A longitudinal study of students at Case Western Reserve University isolated Emotional Intelligence competencies the students wished to strengthen and gauged their success through college and post-college employment. The findings were an overall 75% increase in the indicators deemed essential for success; adaptability, drive, and rebounding from failure.
Freedman, Josh, CEO of the Six Seconds Emotional Intelligence Network, The Heart of Leadership: How to get results with Emotional Intelligence (2013): Consequential thinking, navigating emotions, exercising optimism, and intrinsic motivation are the keys to success in leadership and in life.